- Identifying strategies, tactics, tasks, and activities to achieve the objectives.
- Selecting personnel to serve on the Incident Management Team.
- Delegating functional responsibilities and specifying resource types.
- Establishing a manageable span of control.
The correct answer:
1. The Incident Commander or Unified Command establishes incident objectives that include identifying strategies, tactics, tasks, and activities to achieve the objectives.
The incidents are managed using objectives, and objectives are communicated across the whole Incident Command System (ICS) with the Incident Action Planning Process (IAPP) support. Remember, the IC also defines the objectives that fuel incident operations.
The Incident Commander is in charge of managing the incident as a whole, including setting objectives, developing strategies, and putting them into action. In ICS applications, the Incident Commander is the sole role that is constantly staffed.
In the case of minor incidents and events that a single person can handle, the Incident Commander usually assumes command and may execute all management functions. Until they delegate such tasks, they are responsible for all ICS management functions.
The Incident Commander is primarily responsible for:
- Ensuring incident safety
- Communicating with internal and external stakeholders
- Establishing and maintaining contact with other agencies involved in the situation
Management by Objectives:
Management by Objectives is communicated across the ICS organization and involves the following:
- Developing overall incident objectives
- Creating strategies based on overall incident goals
- Developing and issuing assignments, plans, procedures, and protocols
- Establishing specific, measurable tactics or tasks for various incident management functional activities and directing efforts to accomplish them in support of defined strategies
- Documenting outcomes to assess performance and permit remedial measures
Let us look at a river flooding incident.
There is so much that needs fixing that it is easy to lose focus of what is of utmost importance.
From the start, the Incident Commander must identify incident goals. Defining objectives enables the Command and General Staff personnel to develop strategy, tactics, and resource requirements.
The primary objective in this scenario is to confirm the first evaluations.
The secondary goal is to create plans and gather the resources needed to do the following tasks:
- Ensure the safety and well-being of the individuals assigned to this incident
- Ensure the safety of the food supply. One of our top priorities is to ensure that no tainted food reaches the grocery store shelves
- Animals in severe pain should be euthanized
- Collect and discard dead animals
- Eliminate the fugitive fruit flies and prevent their reproduction
Identifying these early objectives will assist Command and General Staff members in deciding strategy, tactics, and resource requirements.
Every incident must have a plan of action. However, not all incidents necessitate the creation of written procedures. The necessity for written plans and attachments is determined by the incident’s requirements and the judgment of the Incident Commander or Unified Commander.
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